In a course-based program, all degree requirements are fulfilled by completing courses. These may include courses that involve a project, such as a major research paper or group project.
A full course load consists of three to six courses per term, or six to 12 three-unit courses per year. Part-time enrollment is possible in some programs.
Most course-based master's programs are designed to be completed in one to two years full-time, and up to a maximum of six years part-time.
Thesis-based programs require that you pursue independent and original research culminating in a thesis. You will work under the supervision of a faculty member whose expertise matches your research area.
Students must prepare a substantial research document that makes an original scholarly contribution to their field. A PhD thesis is often called a dissertation. Doctoral and master's students must also defend their thesis in front of an examination committee.
A thesis-based master's programs typically takes two years to complete, with a maximum of four years. A doctoral program will take four years, up to a maximum of six years.
Applicants must hold or obtain the following minimum qualifications to be admitted to the Faculty of Graduate Studies:
- Minimum 3.0 GPA on a 4.0 point system
- A four-year baccalaureate degree or its equivalent is required for a master’s program
- A master’s degree in most cases is required for admission to a doctoral program
If your first language is not English, you may fulfill the language proficiency requirement in one of the following ways:
- Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL iBT including TOEFL iBT Home Edition) minimum score of 86 (Internet-based, with no section less than 20).
- International English Language Testing System (IELTS) score of 6.5 (with no section less than 6.0).
- Cambridge C1 Advanced or Cambridge C2 Proficiency minimum score of 180.
- Pearson Test of English (PTE) score of 59 or higher
- Canadian Academic English Language test (CAEL) overall score of 70 (no section less than 60).
- Academic Communication Certificate (ACC) minimum of B+ in each course.
- Duolingo English Test obtaining a minimum score of 125 (with no sub-score below 105). (temporary until Fall 2024 intake)
*This is the minimum ELP standard required by FGS; your program may have higher standards. Learn more on the Explore Programs page.
Please note: as a temporary measure in response to the COVID-19 situation, some online test scores are currently being accepted. Learn more.
- Choose a graduate program of interest and check its admission requirements
- Find a potential graduate supervisor, if required by the graduate program
- Prepare your documentation
- Calculate your tuition and fees
- Create a eID and start your application online
Documents you will need
- Study proposal
- Curriculum vitae
- Reference letters
- Standardized test score
Note: If you are not a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, there may be other documents required, as well as document translation.